Wednesday, May 27, 2015

Free workshop using FOIA with law enforcement agencies

In many activities which the government uses its power, it's when it investigates and enforces violation of law. There is a need for transparency and accountability when this happens for a number of reasons.  The law can be a state statute, city or county ordinances, or rules or regulations being implemented by an agency.

Abuse of power, selective enforcement, discriminatory practices, and how effective enforcement  activities are among many points is important for the public to know about.  To have access to crucial information about how government operates, establishes priorities, and makes decisions in enforcement activities is essential for oversight.

The Minnesota Legislature deemed it important that transparency promotes scrutiny and gives the residents of the state, information about what their government is doing, a major rationale why there is a Minnesota Government Data Practices  Act.

There are enforcement agencies such as the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension, the Minnesota Department of Commerce,  and in local venues in housing and law enforcement.  Information can be sought from any of the agencies I described, for example, a data request I madewith the Hennepin County Sheriffs Office and Bureau of Criminal Apprehension about cell phone (spy) surveillance devices brought to the attention to policymakers and public the use of these devices.  This brought to the 2014 Minnesota Legislature meaningful debate over government surveillance powers, which continued through this years session on license plate readers.  When government uses such powers for enforcement, the public must be able to have answer basic questions about the government’s current use of such powers.

You can learn how to use the basics of data practices by attending a free and public workshop, details below.

"PRM to host public records workshop in Minneapolis, MN

May 18, 2015

St. Paul, Minnesota – On June 11, 2015, Saint Paul-based non-profit Public
Record Media (PRM) will host a Freedom of Information (FOI) workshop at
the North Regional Library in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The event will be
held in the library’s North Regional Meeting Room, and will run from
6:30pm-8:00pm.  The North Regional Library is located at 1315 Lowry Ave.
N. in Minneapolis.

The workshop will explore how members of the public can use FOI laws (both
Minnesota data Practices Act and federal) to obtain government records of interest to them. A particular focus of the workshop will be on government entities that have an enforcement function – including police, housing, and related agencies. The presentation will feature comments by Rich Neumeister, a long-timerecord requester and open government advocate. An introduction will be given by members of the PRM board.

The event is free to the public. Participants are encouraged to bring
ideas for their own public record requests.  RSVPs are encouraged by
calling 651-556-1381.

PRM’s workshop is one in a series of events that the organization is
hosting throughout the state under a grant from the Washington DC-based
Sunlight Foundation. Past events have been hosted in Rochester and St.

Public Record Media is a Minnesota-based non-profit organization that
conducts public record-centered publication, legal work, and education."

Wednesday, May 13, 2015

Letter to Minn House on license plate readers

When I first wrote about license plate readers (LPRs) nearly 4 and a half years ago, they were being sold by Minnesota law enforcement as a way to get stolen cars back to their rightful owners.  But I knew there was more to it.  I kept writing about LPRs over the next 2 of years.  Eventually, a reporter from the Star Tribune saw one of my tweets/blog post on it, thought it was interesting, and then did two major stories on the use of license plate readers.  The stories brought attention to the mass public and the eyes of the Minnesota Legislature, this surveillance tool that comprises our privacy and liberty rights.

Since 2013, the Legislature has engaged and debated the issues of license plate readers.  Why the dialogue has continued since then, particularly with the Minnesota House, three main points:

(1) License plate readers, their systems and use set up a tool of mass surveillance of the public which is constantly changing with technology.

(2) There is a collection by government of millions of bits of personal data on innocent and law-abiding Minnesotans.

(3) Keeping LPR data on innocent and law-abiding people, presumes that they are under investigation, that everyone is guilty, and turns the presumption of innocence on its head.

The Minnesota House will be debating SF 86 also known as HF 222, on Thursday.  The bill has proposed a 30 day retention of license plate reader data on innocent residents of Minnesota.  I oppose that, I would like to see zero retention.

This viewpoint is not taken lightly by me.   As many of you may know over the decades in working with members of the House on both sides of the aisle, I look at an issue and I give you my viewpoint based on doing research, data requests, talking with people, among other activities in helping you achieve good law and policy.

It is important to note that the Legislative Commission on Data Practices and Personal Data Privacy which is made up of legislator's from both parties, recommended zero-retention on non-hit data just before this current session.  The Minnesota House last year supported  and passed zero retention in its bill in 2014.

The kind of data that is collected when an LPR scans your vehicle basically is an image of the license plate, GPS location, the vehicle and frequently the area around the vehicle including driver, passengers, and whoever may be in the view.  This is an example:

License-plate reader images. Courtesy of Mike Katz-Lacabe

License-plate reader image

Another example:

License plate readers are becoming a part of integrated networks with private companies and with  government.  Many states share their LPR data on innocent people with the Federal government as recently outlined in Wall Street Journal stories and freedom of information requests done by the American Civil Liberty Union.  There are examples with the state of Maryland and California, among others, of centralizing LPR data of innocent people.

Technology is changing the sophistication of LPRs with better camera images, wider breadth of the camera, interaction with facial recognition mixed w other databases, and speed and direction also being part of the LPR data collected among others are in the pipeline or being deployed.

Law enforcement admits license plate readers track movements of individuals over time as illustrated by the data about Mayor R.T Rybak's travels in Minneapolis.

There is no doubt that license plate reader data (location data) can be used to figure out what ones religious or political relationships are, among many, depending where your vehicle is parked.  LPR data draws an individuals diagram of movement and associations.

This has even sparked discussion of how license plate readers and the data kept and retained on innocent people bring rise to First Amendment issues.

A 2011 International Association of Chiefs of Police Privacy Impact Assessment on use of License Plate Readers confirms states:

"Recording driving habits could implicate First Amendment concerns.  Specifically, LPR systems have the ability to record vehicle's attendance at locations or events that, although lawful and public, may be considered private.  For example, mobile LPR units could read and collect the license plate numbers ( and pictures of cars as I gave example of in a previous paragraph) parked at addiction counseling meetings, doctors' offices, health clinics or even staging areas for political protests."

It is very clear from the data requests I have done with various law enforcement agencies such as Minneapolis who use license plate readers, in 2011, 3,750,877 license plate scans, but only 0.68 percent (25,543) were hits. and from published reports, such as based on a data request, KSTP did to the Mall of America over a 90 day period, there were 2,275,357 reads or scans, only 12,216 were hits.  About a half a percent of one percent.  This is mass collection of people's whereabouts.

On average, less than one percent of plates paired up with a hotlist/watchlist, and even fewer lead to an arrest, according to the data I have received in data requests.  So the question is why should we be keeping data on innocent and law-abiding people for any length of time 30 days, 60 days, three months.

I oppose collection of license plate reader data on innocent people, such as allowed in the House bill as it now stands, based on reasons I have shared with you.

Rep. Tony Cornish, who is Chief Author of the bill, said in the Star Tribune: 

"Cornish, a retired police chief, would ideally like to see the data dumped immediately if the vehicle doesn't register as wanted by law enforcement -- known as a "hit." He worries about the potential that the databases could be abused, citing past problems with state vehicle records. "Even though technology is great and it helps catch the bad guys, I don't want the good guys being kept in a database," Cornish said."